Opioid-dependent pain patients
Extreme pain requires the use of potent drugs. The use of opioids (e.g. morphine, fentanyl, etc.) in emergency departments, ambulance teams and surgery is therefore a daily routine and usually unproblematic. The situation is different with chronic pain. There, extremely complex bio-psycho-social patterns of pain development and processing play a role. For this reason, the administration of opioids very often only brings about a certain improvement at the beginning if the cause of the pain cannot be specifically addressed. This in turn usually leads to an increase in the dose and this often leads to an escalation of the opioid dosage. This can go so far that conventional opioid withdrawal is hardly possible.
We observed the following phenomena in our patients:
- Persistent, i.e. only slightly reduced pain despite maximum doses of opioids.
- Pronounced side effects, which can massively impair the quality of life.
- The so-called opioid-induced hyperalgesia, i.e. an often impressive hypersensitivity at the site of the original pain, often combined with an expansion of the pain zones.
The treatment of opioid dependence in chronic pain is accessible by the ANR method. Through a targeted, medicinal blockade of the opioid receptors (docking sites for opioids) in the brain under anaesthesia, the dependence is gently and lastingly eliminated.